Pakistan is situated in the western part of the Indian sub-continent, boadering with Afghanistan and Iran on the west, India on the east, and the Arabian Sea on the south. The name Pakistan is derived from the Urdu words Pak (meaning pure) and stan (meaning country). It is nearly twice the size of California, USA.
The northern and western highlands of Pakistan contain the towering Karakoram and Pamir mountain ranges, which include some of the world's highest peaks called K2 (28,250 ft; 8,611 m) and Nanga Parbat (26,660 ft; 8,126 m). The Baluchistan Plateau lies to the west, and the Thar Desert and an expanse of alluvial plains, the Punjab and Sind, lie to the east. The 1,000-mile-long (1,609 km) Indus River and its tributaries flow through the country from the Kashmir region to the Arabian Sea.
Click on the map to view other Pakistan map or map of Pakistan.
Land area of Pakistan: 300,664 sq mi (778,720 sq km); total area: 310,403 sq mi (803,940 sq km).
Population (2006 est.): 165,803,560 (growth rate: 2.1%); birth rate: 29.7/1000; infant mortality rate: 70.5/1000; life expectancy: 63.4; density per sq mi: 551
Capital (2003 est.): Islamabad, 601,600.
Largest cities: Karachi, 11,819,000 (metro area), 9,339,023 (city proper); Lahore, 5,756,100; Faisalabad (Lyallpur), 2,247,700; Rawalpindi, 1,598,600; Gujranwala, 1,384,100.
Monetary unit: Pakistan rupee.
Principal languages: Urdu 8%, English (both official); Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, Burushaski, and others 8%
Ethnicity/race: Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun (Pathan), Baloch, Muhajir (immigrants from India and their descendants).
Religions: Islam 97% (Sunni 77%, Shiite 20%); Christian, Hindu, and other 3%.
Literacy rate: 46% (2003 est.).
Economic summary GDP/PPP (2005 est.): $384.9 billion; per capita $2,400.